NASA scientists are looking at how deploying a magnetic shield could enhance Mars' atmosphere and facilitate crewed missions there in the future.
'The current scientific consensus is that, like Earth, Mars once had a magnetic field that protected its atmosphere. Roughly 4.2 billion years ago, this planet's magnetic field suddenly disappeared, which caused Mars' atmosphere to slowly be lost to space. Over the course of the next 500 million years, Mars went from being a warmer, wetter environment to the cold, uninhabitable place we know today.'You can read more here.